Tuesday , October 17 2017
Home / Learn / Life Of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

Life Of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

life of Holy Prophet(PBUH)

 

Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was born in Mecca around the year 570. Muslim traditions believe when Muhammad (Peace be upon him) born that was month of Rabi-ul-Awal according to Islamic calendar. Quraysh tribe was guardian of Kaaba so Quraysh consider one of most respected and prominent tribe in Mecca and holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) belong to its branch Banu Hashim. Father of Muhammad(Peace be upon him) named Abdullah was died six months before he born.In that period Meccans people sent their new born babies to Madinah because it is considering healthier. As usual, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also sent to Madinah with his foster mother named as “Halima”. Islamic tradition wrote, in journey Halima observe many strange incidents by which they got surprised but all of these were in their right. Actually all of these are miracles, basically gifted by Allah Almighty to Prophet. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)stay with Halima until he became of two years. In these two years’ lot of miracles appears to Halima and one of them is heart of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) washed by Gabriel.
At the age of six Prophet Muhammad became orphan because “Hazrat Amina” was died due to illness. After the death of mother, Muhammad live with his grandfather Abd-ul-Muttlib but unfortunately he survives just two years more. In short from earlier life Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was face trouble and afflictions. On that moment when no one with Muhammad (Peace be upon him) his uncle Abu Talib take him under his care. Abu Talib was trader and he took Muhammad (Peace be upon him) with him for experience in trading.During the journey near to Syria when caravan stay for rest, a Christian Monk named Bahira see to Muhammad (Peace be upon him). He predicts that child serve as a Prophet of Allah Almighty. He also advises take him back to Mecca so Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) come back to Mecca instead of further journey to Syria.

After several years of Syria incident, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) become merchant and start trade between the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. In these trade journeys Muhammad (Peace be upon him) work for Hazrat Khadijah (R.A) because she is one of the rich women in Mecca. From youth, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) famous with name of “Ameen” meaning faithful and “Sadiq” truthful due to his upright character. Due to these qualities and reputation, Hazrat Khadija send proposal to Muhammad (Peace be upon him) for marriage. Proposal accepted by Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and he consented to marriage.

Beginning of Holy Book Quran

The Holy Book

 

 

In the period of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in Mecca there is no policies regarding to justice and Meccansnot ruled by any government. Strong and Rich people considered authorize and due to extension they authorizeto everything as they want. Injustice and social unrest was everywhere. Before Islam Meccans worship to idols and at that time 360 idols were inside the Kaaba. Allat, Manat and Al-Uzza are famous idols,each tribe has its own separate idols. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) worried due to Mecca environment so go outside to Mecca for worship. Usually Prophet go to cave named Hira located on Mount Jabal Al-Noor. Islamic tradition state, Angel Gabriel appeared first time here to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) with first revelation. In first revelation there was few and initial verses of Holy Quran and Angel Gabriel ask Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to recite. These verses were from surah Al-Alaq which is translated as

 

“Recite! In the name of Your Allah who has created,
He has created man from congealed blood,
Recite! And Your Allah is Most Generous,
Who has Taught by the pen,
He Has taught man which he knew not.” Surah 96, Al-Alaq

Bu this new experience Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) return to home and explain to his wife Hazrat Khadija (R.A). she took Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to her cousin Waraqah-bin-Nofel. Waraqah familiar with Christian and Jewish religious books. Waraqah said “O my nephew! What did you see?”Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) told him everything than he said don’t worry revelation was sent down from Allah and angel you see was Gabriel that Allah Almighty also sent to Prophet Musa (pbuh). Further he said I wish I live to the time when Meccansoppose you and turn you out but after few days later Waraqah was died.

Early Preaching

In very first apostle Muhammad (Peace be upon him) told his mission to Hazrat Khadija (R.A) and she accept it. After this Muhammad (Peace be upon him) told to his cousin Hazrat Ali (R.A), adopted son Hazrat Zayd (R.A) and his close friend Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A), all of them accepted the Islam. Around 613, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) climbed on Mount named as-Safa and called to all Meccans. When all came than Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ask to stop worship of Idols and call them to Allah Almighty. Most Meccans oppose to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and especially his uncle Abu Lahab and some mocked but few of them become follower. After openly messageof Islam to Meccans, they criticize on Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), when he passes by them as they sat in groups. Tradition state that strong opposition arose when he delivered that verses to Meccans

“Spoke shamefully of the idols they worshipped other than Allah and mentioned the perdition of their fathers who died in disbelief”

As strength of Muslims increasing in Mecca that was threat to tribes and other rulers of Mecca, so to stop power of Muslims merchants were offered to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to inner circle of merchants and marriage with pretty girls of Mecca but Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) refused to both of these. Now Meccans start ill-treatment with Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and with his followers but Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was safe because he was belonged to tribe Banu Hashim.

Year of Sorrow

In 619, Hazrat Khadija (R.A) and Abu Talib both were died and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) declare this year as “year of sorrows”.wiht the death of Abu Talib, Abu Lahab became leader of clan Banu Hashim. He was enemy of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), critical situation was developed for Muslims and they are not safe physically.

Isra and Miraj

Around 620, with the grace of Allah Almighty Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) experienced with Miraj. Miraj is Miraculous long night journey in which Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) go to masjid-al-Aqsa (Farthest Mosque) on Buraq (winged steed) while Angle Gabriel also with Prophet. When Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) arrived at Masjid al-Aqsa, all of the Prophets (Peace be upon them) were present here and all of Prophets (Pbut) follow to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) for pray. Later Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was continue his journey toward sky and toured hell and heaven. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also met here with many Prophets (Pbut) including Abraham (A.S), Jesus (A.S), Moses (A.S) and with others. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) continued his journey  until reach at Sidrah-ul-Muntaha, at that point Angel Gabriel leave alone to Prophet (Peace be upon him). After some more journey Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) met with Creater of Universe Allah Almight.

Migration to Medina

Migration from Mecca to Medina took place in 622 CE. Basic reason of migration was torture and ill-treatment with Muslims. Allah almighty order Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to migrate medina. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) followers starting migration to Medina (450 km away from Mecca). One night leaders of all tribes plan kill Prophet and Allah Almighty inform to Prophet through Gabriel.Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) take Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) with himself and migrate to Medina in night. During the journey number of miracles appear and on the other side Meccans fully try to find Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) but they fail. At last Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) reached Medina safely with Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A). The first thing Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) did is establishment of alliance between tribes of Medina and emigrants of Medina known as Constitution of Medina. In Medina, tribes are accepting Islam and Muslims strength increasing with rapidly.

Battle of Badr (Gazwa-e-Badr)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) received news Quraysh caravan return from Syria and that is full of wealth. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) led more than 300 Sahaba (R.A) and plan they will stop caravan at place of Badr. Caravan guardian Abu Sufyan understand the situation and choose different way for caravan. On other hand Meccans force was also sent to protect caravan. Meccans force consist on 1000 warriors and they are good in armor but Muslims are coming just for raid on caravan so they don’t have much more swords. Islamic historian state that Shaba (R.A) are three hundred in strength but they won the battle. Famous leaders of Meccans were killed and seventy of them are arrested.

Conquest of Mecca

Mosque

 

 

 

The tribe of Banu Khuza’a had good relation with Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)while tribe Banu Bakr was allied with Meccans and also enemy of Banu Khuza’s. Banu Bakr made a night raid on Banu Khuza’a in which they killing some people and also theft their cattle’s. In this incident basically Meccans support to Banu Bakr by weapons and some of Meccans warriors also include in this raid. Banu Khuza’a leader inform to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) about raid. After this, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) sent sign draft consisting on terms, in which Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) demand that Meccans disavow of the Banu Bakr or boycott the truce of Hudaybiyyah. Meccans accept the last one but they realize they are on mistake and they sent Abu Sufyan to renew the truce of Hudaybiyyah but this time Prophet decline the request of Abu Sufyan. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) marched with 10000 Sahaba (R.A) to conquer Mecca. When Meccans know about the campaign they were not able to defend themselves. With minimal casualties Mecca conquer and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) forgive to everyone except bodies who were responsible for murder or other offences and disrupted the peace. At the time of Mecca conquer most of the Meccans accept religious Islam. After that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) destroy all idols in and around the Kaaba. They were 360 in number, not only that there were many paintings of other Prophets which were also erased on the order of Prophet.

Death and Tomb

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) fell ill and suffered with headache.

For more Islamic information go to link below

https://www.darsequran.com/

 

 

 

 

Check Also

Help-Feed-America

Feeding America Foundation

    History: Feeding America is found by John van Hengel in 1960s. He is …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *